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宝武控股马钢颇具示范意义

返回列表 来源: 发布日期: 2019.12.27

  宝武控股马钢颇具示范意义

天物彩板专注彩板行业16年——免费为您咨询最新首钢彩卷报价,详细首钢彩涂板事业部_ 首钢彩卷最新价格请拨打网站上方电话咨询

       根据2018年粗钢产量排名,宝武和马钢分别列第1位和第9位。排名列前10位的钢企联合重组,打造成为国内首家8000万吨级大型钢铁集团,而且以混合所有制的企业结构呈现,颇具示范意义。

 宝钢彩涂板事业部_ 宝钢彩卷最新价格_天物彩板

       首先,宝武是中央国企,马钢是地方国企,宝武控股马钢,首次在钢企联合重组中实现国有企业两种不同所有制的混合,具有破冰意义。
       其次,宝武控股马钢,可以充分发挥央企所有制和地方国企所有制这两种所有制的积极性。一方面,马钢实际控制人将由安徽省国资委变更为国务院国资委;另一方面,马钢股份直接控股股东保持不变,仍为马钢集团。
       最后,宝武中的宝钢在上海,马钢在安徽马鞍山,同属长三角地区。在目前推动长三角区域经济一体化、高质量发展的大背景下,宝武控股马钢有助于建设极具影响力和带动力的区域增长极
       提高行业集中度要聚焦高质量发展
       由于钢铁工业为高投资产业,重大的颠覆性、原始性科技创新投入大、研发周期长,客观上要求集中科技创新人才、财力和物力,才能在总体上实现比较少的投入,获得较大的产出,进而在国际市场上占据有利的地位。而这些都要加快建设大型企业集团,提高产业集中度才能实现。钢铁行业提高集中度要聚焦高质量发展,即要将更多资源投入到能实现进口替代的产品和核心技术研发上,而不再过多投资需求已经达到饱和或本身供给较为充分的产品。

       从目前的情况来看,我国钢铁企业兼并重组的出发点和落脚点都放在产业结构调整上,优势互补,突出主业,聚焦高质量发展。比如,宝武重组后,在细分市场上对三大产品——硅钢、汽车板、涂镀板的掌控力增强,其6000万吨的优质板材产能在华东、华中和华南3个区域市场具备较强的竞争力。沙钢重组东北特钢,建龙重组北满特钢,也是从结构调整出发,打造特钢精品,弥补这两家钢企原来大多生产普钢而缺少特钢产品的空白。

Baowu holding Masteel is of exemplary significance
According to the ranking of crude steel production in 2018, Baowu and Masteel are ranked 1st and 9th respectively. The top 10 steel enterprises have been jointly reorganized to become the first 80 million ton large steel group in China, and it is of exemplary significance to present a mixed ownership enterprise structure.
First of all, Baowu is a central state-owned enterprise, Magang is a local state-owned enterprise, and Baowu controls Magang. It is the first time to realize the mixing of two different ownership systems of state-owned enterprises in the joint reorganization of steel enterprises, which is of ice breaking significance.
Secondly, Baowu holding Magang can give full play to the enthusiasm of the two kinds of ownership, namely, the ownership of central enterprises and the ownership of local state-owned enterprises. On the one hand, the actual controller of Masteel will be changed from the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission of Anhui Province to the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council; on the other hand, the direct controlling shareholder of Masteel remains unchanged and remains the Masteel group.
Finally, Baosteel in baowuzhong is in Shanghai, Ma'anshan in Anhui Province, which belongs to the Yangtze River Delta. In the current context of promoting regional economic integration and high-quality development in the Yangtze River Delta, Baowu holding Magang is conducive to building an influential and dynamic regional growth pole
Focus on high quality development to improve industry concentration
As the iron and steel industry is a high investment industry, with major subversive, original scientific and technological innovation investment and long R & D cycle, it is objectively required to concentrate scientific and technological innovation talents, financial and material resources, so as to achieve less investment in general and obtain larger output, and then occupy a favorable position in the international market. All of these can only be realized by speeding up the construction of large-scale enterprise groups and improving the industrial concentration. In order to improve the concentration of iron and steel industry, we should focus on high-quality development, that is to say, we should invest more resources in the research and development of products and core technologies that can realize import substitution, and no longer invest too much in products whose demand has reached saturation or whose supply is relatively sufficient.
From the current situation, the starting point and the end point of the merger and reorganization of China's iron and steel enterprises are on the adjustment of industrial structure, with complementary advantages, highlighting the main business and focusing on high-quality development. For example, after Baowu's reorganization, its control over the three major products in the market segments - silicon steel, automobile plate and plating plate has been enhanced. Its high-quality plate production capacity of 60 million tons has strong competitiveness in three regional markets of East China, central China and South China. The restructuring of Northeast Special Steel by Shagang and Beiman Special Steel by Jianlong is also to build high-quality special steel products from the perspective of structural adjustment, making up for the lack of special steel products in most of these two steel enterprises.

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